Obelisks on the Move A look at the manpower and engineering needed to move obelisks in ancient Egypt, Rome, and today Sara E. Cole December 6, 7 min read Side view of the Vatican obelisk being lowered, The Getty Research Institute, B Likewise, the Getty Research Institute has recently digitized a collection of seventeenth-century engravings showing obelisks in Rome. Obelisks clearly have continued to capture the popular imagination long since their heyday in ancient Egypt. Our desire to possess them, along with the power and monumentality they represent, has not waned. One of the many questions about ancient obelisks is a logistical one: Moving Egyptian Obelisks While the specifics of obelisk transportation in ancient Egypt—as well as the movement of other large stone sculptures and blocks—remain somewhat of a mystery, the archaeological record presents us with some clues. After an obelisk was carved at the quarry site, workmen used ropes to roll it onto a sledge and pull it to the Nile River, where a ship awaited. A glimpse at what this may have looked like comes from a painted scene in the tomb of a man named Djehutihotep, in which a colossal seated statue is tied to a sledge pulled by a large crew of men.
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The walls of ancient Jericho, one of the first city walls ever built, was complemented by a stone tower. Later civilizations often built watchtowers as part of their fortifications to provide a high, safe place from which a guard could observe the surrounding area. In the last two millenniums all sorts of towers have been built including bell towers, clock towers, minarets and communication towers. An overview of the most famous towers in the world: Axum Stelae Located in northern Ethiopia, Axum was the original capital of the eponymous kingdom of Axum.
Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from around BC to AD.
HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW. The Iron Age is divided into two subsections, Iron I and Iron II. Iron I () illustrates both continuity and discontinuity with the .
Lungsod ng Pasig is one of the highly urbanized cities of Metro Manila in the Philippines and was the former capital of the province of Rizal prior to the formation the National Capital Region. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila , Pasig is bordered on the west by Quezon City and Mandaluyong ; to the north by Marikina ; to the south by Makati , Pateros , and Taguig ; and to the east by Antipolo , the municipality of Cainta and Taytay in the province of Rizal.
A formerly rural settlement, Pasig is primarily residential and industrial , but has been becoming increasingly commercial in recent years, particularly after the construction of the Ortigas Center business district in its east. History Old center of Pasig at the Pasig City Museum and near the Immaculate Conception Cathedral Here lies a nearly- extinct creek that played an important role amidst the days of the Philippine Revolution. The Bitukang Manok was once a principle tributary of the Marikina River.
Likewise, the creek contributed enormously to the economic growth of Pasig during the Spanish Colonial Era , through irrigation of its wide paddy fields , and by being the progressive center of barter trade. Muntindilao , the Bulaw Creek on Brgy. Even the marian processions of the Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage passed this route back and forth eleven times.
But ironically, the Sepoys backstabbed their abusive British lieutenants and sided with the combined forces of the Spanish Conquistadors assigned by the Governor-General Simon de Anda y Salazar , local rice farmers , fisherfolk , and even Chinese traders. Sagad, ordered a construction of a marble , roof tile — covered bridge across the creek in the style of an oriental pagoda.
Central Asia’s Lost Civilization The unveiling of a 4, year-old civilization calls into question conventional ideas about ancient culture, trade, and religion. This barren place, a site called Gonur, was once the heart of a vast archipelago of settlements that stretched across 1, square miles of Central Asian plains. Although unknown to most Western scholars, this ancient civilization dates back 4, years—to the time when the first great societies along the Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow rivers were flourishing.
Thousands of people lived in towns like Gonur with carefully designed streets, drains, temples, and homes.
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri), officially known in Italian as Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as St. Peter’s Basilica, is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. St. Peter’s Basilica has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world and is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites.
Official update on fundly click here! As he is still valiantly fighting cancer the best birthday gift in the world would be to support him in this fight! If you have not already given then please consider making a donation to his campaign. It Is Not Over! Not by a long shot. This is the web guy writing, last I heard, which was a while ago , John was back in hospital but was in general doing a wee bit better in his wonderful recovery from Stage 4 cancer at the center in Texas.
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The cathedral is the reputed burial-place of Saint James the Greater, one of the apostles of Jesus Christ. It is the destination of the Way of St. James, a major historical pilgrimage route since the Middle Ages. The building is a Romanesque structure with later Gothic and Baroque additions. The cathedral borders the main plaza of the old and well-preserved city.
Mar 25, · The Frauenkirche or Church of Our Lady is the focal point of the market square in Nuremberg. This was built even earlier than St. Lorenz–between and The church was commissioned by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. The clock on the front has automata (the Männleinlaufen or small men walking) underneath it dating.
In the World Leftover Turkey? See their cooking chemistry in action as they whip up a Thanksgiving leftovers favorite, turkey tetrazzini, oozing with cheesy goodness and chunks of turkey. Download the recipe here. Video by Alan Wong. Photos by Jackie Ricciardi share it! Its popular Philly cheesesteak sandwich features chicken, not beef.
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For downloadable versions of the notes for personal use go to: It has text boxes so just click on the text box and fill in what you need. Create a catalogue list where you record the NOTE number — which you made up and wrote on top of note. Make up any number that makes sense to you.
While the rest of the world looks to the top destinations for their next vacation , history lovers should look to the cities with the most to offer — cities that are older than any other on the planet and home to some of the world’s greatest heritage sites. Going back thousands of years before the common era, the world’s oldest cities are some of the most cultural destinations , many of them having been conquered and influenced by different peoples and their own cultures. We drew up a list of the oldest places in the world, listed in a rough chronology rather than ranked in order, as the foundation dates of some cities are more unsure than others.
In these cities, you can come across centuries-old monasteries and temples, strange rock formations , and even places said to have been visited by historical giants or biblical figures. Due to that colonial past, Lisboan cuisine is also likely another reason this Portuguese capital is becoming such a hot spot , with dishes influenced by Moorish, South Asian, South American, and African as well as East Asian flavors.
Today, it is located in central Greece, one of the countries with the best weather , and home to some beautiful Dominican architecture as a result of its Christian history. Since ancient times, the city has also had a Greco-Jewish presence — a presence that some claim has been continuous, which would make it the oldest Jewish community in Europe. Savin Larnaca Founded ca.
Its historic church and mosque are a sight to behold, and the city also has an ancient aquaduct and castle worth visiting. Many famous Persian figures came from Balkh, such as the poet Rumi, as well as the philosopher and scientist, Avicenna.
Obelisks on the Move
Image courtesy of Alice Popkorn. All I could find was a lot of conflicting information. Many experts say there are fewer female psychopaths than males… but some estimate there might actually be more. Some say they present differently. Others say the Psychopathy Checklist, considered a gold-standard test to measure psychopathy, is not accurate when used to evaluate females.
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Description interior[ edit ] Although the interior of the church underwent many changes throughout the centuries, it has an ‘authentic’ Romanesque feel to it. This is largely due to the restoration ideas of the architect Pierre Cuypers , who had several of the larger Gothic windows replaced by small Romanesque windows, thus creating a darker, ‘mystical’ atmosphere.
Cuypers also removed the white plastering of the late Baroque period and had several altars built in a Romanesque or Gothic Revival style. Despite all these changes, the turbulent history of the building is still legible. Some murals dating from the Middle Ages have survived including one of Saint Catherine from the 14th century. A mural on a pillar of Saint Christopher and the Infant Jesus dates from The large ceiling painting in the choir is Neo-Romanesque and dates from the Cuypers restoration.
All stained glass windows are from the 19th or 20th century. Church plan with cloisters The furnishing of the church interior has followed the fashion of the time but suffered badly during the years of desecration In the church had 33 altars  but most of the medieval church inventory got lost in the turbulence that followed the arrival of the French in A precious baptismal font by the Maastricht metalworker Aert van Tricht c.
Several Baroque confessionals and a richly carved pulpit were taken over from a former nearby Jesuit church. The 18th-century Baroque altar, now in the southern transept, is from the former Church of Saint Nicholas.
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In the typical private equity water deal, higher rates help the firms earn returns of anywhere from 8 to 18 percent, more than what a regular for-profit water company may expect. And to accelerate their returns, two of the firms have applied a common strategy from the private equity playbook: Water rates in Bayonne have risen nearly 28 percent since the city struck a deal with a private equity firm and a private water company to manage its system. Members of his inner circle have sketched out a vision, including billions of dollars of tax credits for private investors willing to tackle big infrastructure projects.
Its arrangement is one of a handful of deals across the country in the last few years in which private equity firms have managed public water systems.
You can browse a breathtaking Rhenish Romanesque crucifix with an ivory Jesus, the gilded bronze Hermann Ida Cross from the s, a Coptic Egyptian tunic dating to the s and avant-garde pieces by artists like Joseph Beuys and Paul Thek.
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The CIA annex had nine security officers, but only three officers were assigned to the mission complex. One day, while I was working out, I realized that Medical device testing fdating have the possibility to lose more than just weight. I ll invest too. Company’s 3 million users can now swipe right for friendship.
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Merovingian art Merovingian art is the art and architecture of the Merovingian dynasty of the Franks , which lasted from the fifth century to the eighth century in present-day France and Germany. The advent of the Merovingian dynasty in Gaul during the fifth century led to important changes in the arts. In architecture, there was no longer the desire to build robust and harmonious buildings.
Sculpture regressed to being little more than a simple technique for the ornamentation of sarcophagi , altars , and ecclesiastical furniture.
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This phrase has been preserved in documents as Munhu mu tapa, Manhumutapa, and the Portuguese, Monomotapa. History Towers of Great Zimbabwe. The origins of the ruling dynasty at Mutapa go back to some time in the first half of the 15th century.
The Term “Byzantine Empire” The name Byzantine Empire is derived from the original Greek name for Constantinople; Byzantium. The name is a modern term and would have been alien to its contemporaries.
Shomron, modern Sebaste is a city established as the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of the Ephraimite ruler Omri c. The territory controlled by the city was eventually named for it. Prior to the Omride period the site appears to have been the center of an extensive wine and oil production area, which may have accounted for its choice as the new capital.
Apparently the origin of the name of the site was from Shemer, the eponymous owner of the land that Omri purchased for two talents of silver Kings Given its strategic location, the city served as the provincial capital of the region for years under Assyrian , Babylonian , Persian , and Hellenistic empires. It was made subject to Jerusalem after a year long siege by Johanan Hyrcanus [ca.
After Roman occupation, the walls were restored by Gabinius.